Summer Davos debate no factory: opportunities or hidden worries
where will intelligent manufacturing lead the robot industry? What will happen if machines are smarter than people? Has the unmanned factory solved the labor shortage or brought difficulties in working? Several sub forums of the summer Davos forum are being held to debate the opportunities and hidden worries of the era of unmanned factories, as well as the need to prevent the low-end of high-end industries. Participants believed that unmanned factories are conducive to promoting the upgrading of industrial structure, but also need guidance and planning at the national and local levels to strive to occupy the commanding heights of competition
high intelligent robots appear in summer Davos. Has the experimental method been compiled before the era of unmanned factory?
can perceive the objects in front, can see the objects in three-dimensional space like people and avoid them autonomously, and can accurately move and assemble the small objects in front. The robot experience area of Summer Davos forum attracted a large number of guests
Chen Hongbo, vice president of the enlightenment Innovation Institute of Tsinghua University, who participated in the forum, said that under the background of the increasing downward pressure on China's economy, some local governments and enterprises looking for new economic growth points see the opportunities of the robot industry and are stepping up robot projects, and unmanned factories may emerge
in the interview in Shenyang, I also saw that nearly 700 imported robots swing their arms and shuttle busily in the welding workshop of BMW [Weibo] Shenyang factory on the automatic assembly line with sparks splashing every day; On the production line of Brilliance Jinbei Automobile Company, more than a dozen domestic robots from Shenyang Xinsong robot can carry heavy objects and move freely. It is reported that the unmanned factory was born out of the concept of industry 4.0 proposed at the 2013 Hannover Industrial Expo, which is an industrial model based on the information physical fusion system and marked by the high digitization and networking of production. With the rapid development of China's robot industry, a number of unmanned factories have appeared in some economically developed regions of China, which will undoubtedly promote the transformation and upgrading of these industrial structures and inject new vitality into development
a focus issue triggered heated debate, whether to solve the labor shortage or bring difficulties to work.
in recent days, several sub venues of the summer Davos forum have launched heated debates around robots and intelligent manufacturing. On the 9th, machines are smarter than humans, robots face-to-face with developers, future manufacturing and other related sub forums, and on the 10th, the issue of robots without borders attracted the participation and attention of Chinese and foreign guests. A focus issue has triggered heated debate on whether the unmanned factory is to solve the labor shortage or bring difficulties in working.
for enterprises, especially labor-intensive enterprises, the superposition effect caused by the shortage of labor and the continuous rise of labor costs has become a bottleneck that puzzles the development of enterprises. The emergence of the machine replacement unmanned factory can not only alleviate the shortage of skilled workers, but also deal with the rapid rise of labor costs, And it can improve the accuracy and efficiency of the working pressure testing machine. Chen Hongbo said that this view was held by the participants, such as Yoshihiro an, President of the Japan Association for the promotion of science, and Zhang Liang, head of the software department of Qualcomm [Weibo] China Research Institute
even without the restriction of labor cost, it will become a trend to gradually replace people with machines. Chen Hongbo also believes that after the replacement of the machine, not only the production safety problems will be solved, but also the stability of the robot will be higher, the product quality will be more guaranteed, the qualification rate will be greatly improved, and greater production capacity will be created
however, several experts in the field of intelligent robots, such as Stuart Rosso, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, believe that the large-scale emergence of unmanned factories will have an impact on the employment situation to a certain extent, which tests the government's ability to ensure employment
Zhang Liang pointed out that the production lines operated by machines in unmanned factories have high input costs, and some specific high-precision industries. 2. The current situation and development trend of fixtures are still unable to replace labor with machines. Therefore, the demand for ordinary workers with simple operation in the past will decline in the future, but senior skilled workers, especially those who can control machines, will be more popular
robots have shown signs of dryness and heat, and it is urgent to prevent the low-end of high-end industries.
at present, robots have shown signs of dryness and heat in China. Many cities have proposed robot industry plans, and various scientific research and investment institutions have joined in
according to the data, in 2014, the sales volume of industrial robots in China was 56000, ranking first in the world for two consecutive years. According to incomplete statistics, nearly 40 industrial robot parks have been built and are under construction in China; In the past two years, a robot enterprise has been born almost every day; The total number of relevant manufacturing enterprises has soared from more than 200 at the beginning of last year to more than 800 now
at the summer Davos forum, some experts reminded that the low-end of China's robot industry has emerged, and the phenomena of planning convergence, structural convergence, low-level repeated construction and vicious competition have emerged
Qu Daokui, chairman of China robot industry alliance and President of Shenyang Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., pointed out that robots are typical three high-tech industries that need high technology, high talents and high investment, while many domestic small and medium-sized enterprises are in the three low stages, or even three non-existent. Without mastering high-end technologies such as chips, software and control systems, they can only make shells and assemblies. If we do not accelerate the cultivation of leading enterprises and occupy the commanding heights of competition, small, scattered and weak low-end enterprises will soon become victims of the robot war. Qu Daokui said
professionals suggest that in order to make no artificial factory develop healthily and better drive industrial upgrading, at the national level, we should focus on global competition and focus on cultivating international enterprises with strong innovation ability; At the local level, we should follow the market law and create a refined industrial chain with scientific division of labor and orderly competition; At the enterprise level, a group of college students at the University of New Mexico, which should aim at high-tech content and high added value, used components printed by windform materials and selective laser sintering (SLS) technology to build a kysat ⑵ microsatellite and highly competitive product. In addition, we will explore ways to run schools and retrain workers to meet the new challenges of the robot era